Dyspepsia and atypical symptoms


What is it? Dyspepsia is a common condition that affects the upper digestive tract and is characterized by discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen, bloating, nausea, and a feeling of fullness after eating. Atypical upper abdominal symptoms can include symptoms such as chest pain, heartburn, and difficulty swallowing.
Why it happens: The exact cause of dyspepsia and atypical upper abdominal symptoms is not known, but it is believed to be related to a disturbance in the normal functioning of the digestive system. Factors that may contribute to the development of dyspepsia and atypical upper abdominal symptoms include stress, anxiety, certain medications, smoking, alcohol consumption, and certain medical conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease.
Frequency: Dyspepsia and atypical upper abdominal symptoms are common, with up to 25% of the population experiencing symptoms at some point in their lives.


The most common symptom of gallstone pancreatitis is severe abdominal pain that may radiate to the back or chest. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, fever, rapid heartbeat, and a swollen or tender abdomen. In some cases, the skin and eyes may become yellow, a condition known as jaundice.


To diagnose dyspepsia and atypical upper abdominal symptoms, a healthcare provider will typically take a thorough medical history and perform a physical exam. They may also order tests such as a gastroscopy, which involves inserting a tube with a camera into the oesophagus, stomach, and small intestine to look for any abnormalities. Other tests may include blood tests, stool tests, or imaging tests such as an abdominal ultrasound.


The treatment for dyspepsia and atypical upper abdominal symptoms depends on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, weight loss, and stress reduction may be recommended. Over-the-counter medications such as antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may also be used to relieve symptoms.

Follow Up

If an underlying medical condition such as GERD or peptic ulcer disease is identified, specific treatments for these conditions may be recommended. In some cases, surgery may be necessary. It is important to discuss any concerns or questions about symptoms or treatment options with a healthcare provider.